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2016

92 record(s)
 
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  • Copernicus is a European system for monitoring the Earth. Data is collected by different sources, including Earth observation satellites and in-situ sensors. The data is processed and provides reliable and up-to-date information about six thematic areas: land, marine, atmosphere, climate change, emergency management and security. The land theme is divided into four main components: Global The Global Land Service provides a series of bio-geophysical products on the status and evolution of the land surface at global scale at mid and low spatial resolution. The products are used to monitor the vegetation, the water cycle and the energy budget. Pan-European The pan-European component provides information about the land cover and land use (LC/LU), land cover and land use changes and land cover characteristics. The latter includes information about imperviousness, forests, natural grasslands, wetlands, and permanent water bodies. Local The local component focuses on different hotspots, i.e. areas that are prone to specific environmental challenges and problems. This includes detailed LC/LU information for the larger EU cities (Urban Atlas), riparian zones along European river networks and NATURA 2000 sites. It will also include maps of coastal areas. In-situ All of the Copernicus services need access to in-situ data in order to ensure an efficient and effective use of Copernicus space-borne data. Next to data provided by participating countries, Earth observation from space also yields pan-European reference datasets, such as a Digital Elevation Model.

  • This collection contains Sentinel-2 Level-1C products which consist of top-of-atmosphere reflectances in cartographic geometry. Sentinel-2 is a wide-swath, high-resolution, multi-spectral imaging mission developed by ESA as part of the Copernicus Programme, supporting the Copernicus Land Monitoring services, including the monitoring of vegetation, soil and water cover, as well as the observation of inland waterways and coastal areas. The full Sentinel-2 mission comprises two polar-orbiting satellites in the same orbit, phased at 180° to each other. Sensor: MSI (Multispectral Instrument) Repeat rate: 5 days (with two satellites) Launch dates: 23 June 2015 (Sentinel-2A), 07 March 2017 (Sentinel-2B) Archiving start date: 27 June 2015 Mission Status: ongoing Terms and conditions for the use of Sentinel data https://scihub.copernicus.eu/twiki/pub/SciHubWebPortal/TermsConditions/TC_Sentinel_Data_31072014.pdf Sentinel-2 Mission Overview https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-2 Sentinel-2 Level-1C Processing Overview https://earth.esa.int/web/sentinel/technical-guides/sentinel-2-msi/level-1c-processing Sentinel-2 Level-1C spatial resolution https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-2-msi/resolutions/spatial Sentinel-2 Level-1C radiometric resolution and band numbering https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-2-msi/resolutions/radiometric File format of measurement data: JPEG2000 Suggested software: ESA SNAP/Sentinel Toolbox (http://step.esa.int/main/download/) Sentinel-2 acquisition plans: https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-2/acquisition-plans

  • This collection contains Sentinel-3 Level-2 Land products derived from the OLCI (Ocean and Land Colour) instrument. The data consist of land and atmospheric geophysical products at full (~300m) and reduced (~1.2km) resolutions. The Sentinel-3 mission, jointly operated by ESA and EUMETSAT, is designed as a constellation of two identical polar orbiting satellites, separated by 180°, for the provision of long-term operational marine and land monitoring services. Sensor: OLCI (Ocean Land Colour Instrument) Revisit time: <2 days at the equator Launch date: 16 February 2016 Archiving start date: 29 February 2016 Mission Status: ongoing Terms and conditions for the use of Sentinel data https://scihub.copernicus.eu/twiki/pub/SciHubWebPortal/TermsConditions/TC_Sentinel_Data_31072014.pdf Sentinel-3 Mission Overview https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-3 Sentinel-3 OLCI Level-2 Products Overview and Processing Levels https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/technical-guides/sentinel-3-olci/level-2-algorithms-products https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-olci/processing-levels/level-2 Spatial resolution of Sentinel-3 OLCI data: https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-olci/resolutions/spatial File format of measurement data: netCDF Suggested software: ESA SNAP/Sentinel Toolbox (http://step.esa.int/main/download/) Sentinel-3 OLCI coverage: https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-olci/coverage

  • This collection contains Sentinel-1 Level-1 Ground Range Detected (GRD) products which consist of focused SAR data that have been detected, multi-looked and projected to ground range using an Earth ellipsoid model. Sentinel-1 is a polar-orbiting, all-weather, day-and-night C-band radar imaging mission funded by the European Union and carried out by the ESA within the Copernicus Programme, consisting of a constellation of two satellites. Sensor: C-SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) Repeat rate: 12 days (1 satellite), 6 days (2 satellites) Launch date: 03 April 2014 Archive start date: 12 April 2014 Mission Status: ongoing Terms and conditions for the use of Sentinel data https://scihub.copernicus.eu/twiki/pub/SciHubWebPortal/TermsConditions/TC_Sentinel_Data_31072014.pdf Sentinel-1 Mission Overview https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-1 Sentinel-1 Level-1 GRD Products Overview https://earth.esa.int/web/sentinel/technical-guides/sentinel-1-sar/products-algorithms/level-1-algorithms/ground-range-detected Spatial resolution of Sentinel-1 Level-1 GRD data https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-1-sar/resolutions/level-1-ground-range-detected File format of measurement data: GeoTIFF Suggested software: ESA SNAP/Sentinel Toolbox http://step.esa.int/main/download/ Sentinel-1 acquisition plans: https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-1/observation-scenario/acquisition-segments

  • This collection contains Sentinel-3 Level-2 Land products derived from the SAR Radar Altimeter (SRAL) and Microwave Radiometer (MWR) instruments. The altimetry products consist of surface topography measurements of the land surface. The Sentinel-3 mission, jointly operated by ESA and EUMETSAT, is designed as a constellation of two identical polar orbiting satellites, separated by 180°, for the provision of long-term operational marine and land monitoring services. Sensor: SRAL (SAR Radar Altimeter), MWR (Microwave Radiometer) Revisit time: <2 days at the equator Launch dates: 16 February 2016 (Sentinel-3A), 25 April 2018 (Sentinel-3B) Archiving start date: 29 February 2016 Mission Status: ongoing Terms and conditions for the use of Sentinel data https://scihub.copernicus.eu/twiki/pub/SciHubWebPortal/TermsConditions/TC_Sentinel_Data_31072014.pdf Sentinel-3 Mission Overview https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-3 Sentinel-3 SRAL/MWR - Level 2 Products Overview and Processing Levels https://earth.esa.int/web/sentinel/technical-guides/sentinel-3-altimetry/level-2-algorithms-products https://earth.esa.int/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-altimetry/processing-levels/level-2 Resolutions of Sentinel-3 Altimetry data: https://earth.esa.int/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-altimetry/resolutions File format of measurement data: netCDF Suggested software: Broadview Radar Altimetry Toolbox (BRAT) Sentinel-3 Altimetry coverage: https://earth.esa.int/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-altimetry/coverage

  • This collection contains Sentinel-3 Level-1 products recorded by the OLCI (Ocean and Land Colour) instrument. The data consist of top-of-atmosphere radiances, ortho-geolocated and re-sampled onto an along-track and across-track grid. The Sentinel-3 mission, jointly operated by ESA and EUMETSAT, is designed as a constellation of two identical polar orbiting satellites, separated by 180°, for the provision of long-term operational marine and land monitoring services. Sensor: OLCI (Ocean Land Colour Instrument) Revisit time: <2 days at the equator Launch date: 16 February 2016 Archiving start date: 29 February 2016 Mission Status: ongoing Terms and conditions for the use of Sentinel data https://scihub.copernicus.eu/twiki/pub/SciHubWebPortal/TermsConditions/TC_Sentinel_Data_31072014.pdf Sentinel-3 Mission Overview https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-3 Sentinel-3 OLCI Level-1 Products Overview https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/technical-guides/sentinel-3-olci/level-1-algorithms-products Spatial resolution of Sentinel-3 Level-1B data: https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-olci/resolutions/spatial Radiometric resolution and band numbering: https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-olci/resolutions/radiometric File format of measurement data: netCDF Suggested software: ESA SNAP/Sentinel Toolbox (http://step.esa.int/main/download/) Sentinel-3 OLCI coverage: https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-olci/coverage

  • This collection contains Sentinel-1 Level-1 Single Look Complex (SLC) products which consist of focused SAR data that are geo-referenced using orbit and attitude data from the satellite, and provided in slant-range geometry. Sentinel-1 is a polar-orbiting, all-weather, day-and-night C-band radar imaging mission funded by the European Union and carried out by the ESA within the Copernicus Programme, consisting of a constellation of two satellites. Sensor: C-SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) Repeat rate: 12 days (1 satellite), 6 days (2 satellites) Launch date: 03 April 2014 Archiving start date: 12 April 2014 Mission Status: ongoing Terms and conditions for the use of Sentinel data https://scihub.copernicus.eu/twiki/pub/SciHubWebPortal/TermsConditions/TC_Sentinel_Data_31072014.pdf Sentinel-1 Mission Overview https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-1 Sentinel-1 Level-1 SLC Products Overview https://earth.esa.int/web/sentinel/technical-guides/sentinel-1-sar/products-algorithms/level-1-algorithms/single-look-complex Spatial resolution of Sentinel-1 Level-1 SLC data https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-1-sar/resolutions/level-1-single-look-complex File format of measurement data: GeoTIFF Suggested software: ESA SNAP/Sentinel Toolbox (http://step.esa.int/main/download/) Sentinel-1 acquisition plans: https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-1/observation-scenario/acquisition-segments

  • Copernicus EMS - Mapping provides all actors involved in the management of natural disasters, man-made emergency situations and humanitarian crises, with timely and accurate geospatial information derived from satellite remote sensing and completed by available in situ or open data sources. The information generated by the service can be used as supplied (e.g. as digital or printed map outputs). It may be further combined with other data sources (e.g. as digital feature sets in a geographic information system). In both cases it may support geospatial analysis and decision making processes of emergency managers. Copernicus EMS - Mapping is provided during all phases of the emergency management cycle, in two temporal modes, and free of charge for the users. It can be activated only by authorised users.

  • This collection contains Sentinel-3 Level-2 Land products derived from the Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer (SLSTR). The data consist of land surface parameters, including the land surface temperature (LST), generated on a 1 km measurement grid. The Sentinel-3 mission, jointly operated by ESA and EUMETSAT, is designed as a constellation of two identical polar orbiting satellites, separated by 180°, for the provision of long-term operational marine and land monitoring services. Sensor: SLSTR (Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer) Revisit time: <2 days at the equator Launch date: 16 February 2016 Archiving start date: 29 February 2016 Mission Status: ongoing Terms and conditions for the use of Sentinel data https://scihub.copernicus.eu/twiki/pub/SciHubWebPortal/TermsConditions/TC_Sentinel_Data_31072014.pdf Sentinel-3 Mission Overview https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-3 Sentinel-3 SLSTR Level-2 Products Overview and Processing Levels https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/technical-guides/sentinel-3-slstr/level-2-algorithms-products https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-slstr/processing-levels/level-2 Spatial resolution of Sentinel-3 SLSTR data: https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-slstr/resolutions File format of measurement data: netCDF Suggested software: ESA SNAP/Sentinel Toolbox (http://step.esa.int/main/download/) Sentinel-3 SLSTR coverage: https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/user-guides/sentinel-3-slstr/coverage

  • Some of today’s most important environmental concerns relate to the composition of the atmosphere. The increasing concentration of the greenhouse gases and the cooling effect of aerosol are prominent drivers of a changing climate, but the extent of their impact is often still uncertain. At the Earth’s surface, aerosols, ozone and other reactive gases such as nitrogen dioxide determine the quality of the air around us, affecting human health and life expectancy, the health of ecosystems and the fabric of the built environment. Ozone distributions in the stratosphere influence the amount of ultraviolet radiation reaching the surface. Dust, sand, smoke and volcanic aerosols affect the safe operation of transport systems and the availability of power from solar generation, the formation of clouds and rainfall, and the remote sensing by satellite of land, ocean and atmosphere. To address these environmental concerns there is a need for data and processed information. The Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) has been developed to meet these needs, aiming at supporting policymakers, business and citizens with enhanced atmospheric environmental information.